Portfolio: The Concept of God in Major Religions - Part 1 and 2

One of the distinguishing features of our civilization is the presence of a large number of religions and ethical systems.

Humankind has always sought to understand the reasons for creation and his place in the scheme of things.

Arnold Toynbee studied the history of man through the ages and put his findings in a monumental work consisting of ten

volumes. He summarized that in the history of man, religion stood at the centre. In an article in The Observer on October

24, 1954 he wrote: “I have come back at the belief that religion holds the key to

the mystery of existence.” Religion, according to the Oxford Dictionary means, “belief

in a superhuman controlling power especially in a personal God or gods entitled to obedience and worship.”

A common feature of all major religions is the belief in a Universal God or Supreme Divine Authority that is

Omnipotent and Omniscient. Followers of all major religions believe that the God they worship is the same God

for them as well as for others. Marxism, Freudianism and other ‘non-religious’ beliefs

tried to attack the roots of organized religions. But these in turn, developed into belief systems themselves. For

instance, when communism was adopted by many countries of the world, it was preached with the same commitment and

fervor that characterizes